It preserves a part of natural life that is not found in many places in the world and is, therefore, a mandatory point of passage for those who visit the Peneda Gerês National Park.
Mata de Albergaria is one of the most important forests of the Peneda Gerês National Park (PNPG), constituted predominantly by a secular oak that includes characteristic species of Geresian fauna and flora. It also guards a section of Via Romana - Geira - with the ruins of its bridges and a significant set of milestones.
The low human presence in this forest did not break, until a few years ago, the fragile balance of its ecosystem, whose richness and variety contributed to its classification by the Council of Europe, as one of the Biogenetic Reserves of the European Continent. It is also, under the terms of the Park Planning Plan, classified as a Partial Protection Area of the Natural Environment Area.
Due to the increase in human presence, mainly with the influx of tourists, those responsible for the National Park chose to introduce limits on the circulation of vehicles inside the forest. The maximum speed is 40 km / h, parking is not allowed (except residents) and, on weekends and summer holidays, traffic is even prohibited, except for residents and those heading to the border. € 1.50 "tolls" per vehicle are also charged between June 1 and September 30.
These provisions are not intended to prevent the natural enjoyment of the beauty of this forest. It is only intended to order its use, raising awareness of new forms of contact with Nature, so that its values are not harmed and we do not find ourselves, in the future, deprived of a forest that brings together rare characteristics in the country.